Comparing deterministic and statistical approaches for predicting “short can” defects in aluminium beverage can production
1 CanPack S.A., Business Support Service, 32-800 Brzesko, Poland.
2 AGH University of Krakow, Faculty of Metals Engineering and Industrial Computer Science, 30-059 Krakow, Poland.
In the production of beverage cans, “short can” defects in the form of material discontinuities can occur during the deep drawing of cylindrical thin-walled aluminium products. These defects have a significant impact on production efficiency and scrap generation, and their occurrence is influenced by material and process properties. To determine the main influence of material on defect occurrence, two approaches were used: deterministic analysis of mechanical properties and microstructure, as well as statistical processing of production data using decision tree models. The latter approach was found to be more efficient, and a numerical tool was developed based on this approach to predict and reduce defect occurrence in the production process.
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