An evaluation of the mechanical properties of 13MnSiCr7 steel by digital image correlation

Marcin Kempny, Radosław Rozmus

Łukasiewicz Research Network, Institute for Ferrous Metallurgy, ul. K. Miarki 12–14, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland.



In this paper, the possibility of replacing tensile extensometers with a non-contacting device for measuring elongation has been analyzed. An example of a non-contacting device is a Digital Image Correlation System (DIC). Such systems are widely used in various areas, for example, biology or modern engineering. DIC systems have several advantages that seem to be promising for testing modern materials. The most important is the fact that there is no physical contact between the sample and the DIC and therefore no additional force is applied during the experiment. On the other hand, a lack of contact with the sample can cause large measurement inaccuracies. Another advantage would be that a DIC can measure strain on the whole surface of the sample in all directions, instead of measuring part of the surface in one direction like in other extensometers. Because of these abilities, the environment impact on test bench (DIC + load device), and differences between conducted experiment with normalized tensile test needed to be investigated. The testing machine was replaced by a DIC system cooperating with a tension-compression module. The proposed method was used to monitor and record the images to determine the basic properties of 13MnSiCr7 grade steel. Twelve tests were performed. The analysis was done by comparing the values of mechanical properties obtained in a static tensile test, such as yield strength, tensile strength, Young’s modulus, elongation of the material; with the values of these properties determined experimentally. For each sample, stress-strain curves were evaluated. To check if the results were correct, a Q-Dixon test was performed in each case, confidence intervals were also calculated. Finally, the obtained properties were compared with those from the standard tensile test acquired from the manufacturer’s material card.

Cite as:

Kempny, M., & Rozmus, R. (2021). An evaluation of the mechanical properties of 13MnSiCr7 steel by digital image correlation. Computer Methods in Materials Science, 21(2), 75-82.

Article (PDF):


Static Tensile Test, Digital Image Correlation, Young’s modulus, Yield strength, Tensile strength, 13MnSiCr7


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